Delhi has always had a mysterious infinity and has witnessed empires rise to glory and ruins. The modern Delhi is a culmination of seven cities built by different emperors and now these are converted to some major tourist attractions. Among some spectacular historic sites, the most prominent ones are Jama Masjid, Qutub Minar, Red Fort, India Gate, Lotus temple, Humayun tomb and Rashtrapati Bhavan.Owing to the cultural vastness Delhi has grown to be a mu lticultural, cosmopolitan metropolis.
Its rapid development and urbanization, coupled with the relatively high average income of its population, has transformed Delhi into a major cultural, political, and commercial point of India. Delhi, capital city of the Federal Republic of India and is one of India's fastest growing cities. It is situated near the West Bank of the river Yamuna. Interestingly, the city has two distinct parts, Old Delhi & New Delhi. Old Delhi is centered on the Red Fort built by Emperor Shah Jehan between 1636 & 1658 where the streets are narrow & active. Still the beauty & serenity lies inside the courts of the main buildings. Its boutiques and shopping arcades offer access to a wealth of traditional and contemporary crafts, from all over the country. Moreover, New Delhi was proclaimed the capital of India by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869-1944). The climate of the capital is differ from others states of the country, in summers the average maximum temperature is 40°C and minimum temperature is 25ºC. The monsoon starts in early July and continues till the end of September. The winter extends from late November to February. The temperature in winters varies between 21°C to 5°C. January is the coldest month when the temperature often also goes down to minimum of 0 °C. Further, being so most diversities, the city keeps rocking and happily accepts all the dissimilar cultural differences. It's a place where people love to come all across the world. Here there are many palaces where one can visit and see the cultural and political vastness.
Red Fort - This splendid and marvelous fort built during the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan's reign, this majestic building made of red sandstone is the position from where the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on every Independence Day. The Diwan-e-khas, and Diwan-e-am, the weaponry museum and the sound and light show are all worth seeing at the Red Fort.
Jama Masjid - Jama Masjid is the biggest and leading mosque in India was built between 1644 and 1658. It is located in old Delhi. It stands in front of the Red Fort across the road and nicely projects the beauty into the Old-Delhi skyline.
Vijay Ghat - Vijay Ghat is the memorial of India's second Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was a great freedom fighter who was associated with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Raj Ghat - The memorial of the Father of Nation, Raj Ghat is located amidst a lush garden. The last word of Gandhi "Hey Ram'' is inscribed on his monument in golden letters. There are two Gandhi museums in the premises namely Gandhi Memorial Museum and Gandhi Smriti Museum.
India Gate- Situated on Rajpath, in the center of Delhi and was designed by Edwin Lutyens, in memory of the Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the first World War. Their names can be seen inscribed on the arch. The Amar Jawan Jyoti, an eternal flame, burns in memory of the Unknown Soldier, beneath the shelter of the arch, which is surrounded by green lawns, fountains and water bodies - an evergreen picnic zone in the heart of central Delhi.
Gandhi Museum- Dedicated to the Father of the Nation, the museum contains some of his personal belongings that comprise sculpture, photographs and paintings of Gandhiji and the history of the Satyagraha movement as well as the philosophy of 'ahinsa' (non-violence).
Qutab Minar - Built during the period of Sultan Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1199 A.D., this 72.5 m high pillar is a symbol of the Delhi Sultanate. Near it can be seen the ruins of Kila Ri Pithora, the fort of Prithviraj Chauhan, and an amazing iron pillar from Gupta times which has not yet tarnished.
Embassy Area - New Delhi, the capital city of India, houses foreign embassies of practically all the major nations in the world. There are also number of consulates and high commissions here.
President House - Rashtrapati Bhawan was formerly known as 'Viceroy's House' and was engaged by the Governor-General of India, until independence. Designed by the British architect, Sir Edwin Lutyens, this classical building uses colors and details peculiar to Indian architecture. The house is also known as President's House, the building holds a prominent position in New Delhi. It has 340 decorated rooms and a floor area of 200,000 square feet. It was completed by 1929 and was officially inaugurated in 1931.
Parliament House - The Parliament House of India is positioned in the northwestern side of the Vijay Chowk in the surrounding area of the secretariat buildings. The parliament house marks governance of the world's largest democracy. There chambers were originally assigned to house the council of state, legislative assembly and the chamber of princes.
Lotus Temple - Lotus Temple is one of the most incredible architectures of the Bahai faith. It is placed at Kalkaji, a place close to New Delhi. The temple has been constructed to resemble a lotus flower. The huge lotus flower has been made out of marble, dolomite, cement, and sand and does not enforce restrictions on any visitor and has been open to people of all religions.
Hauz Khas - The Hauz Khas (meaning royal tank) complex was developed during the 13th century. The complex houses a water tank or reservoir, an Islamic seminary, a mosque, a tomb and pavilions built around an urbanized village. Today Hauz Khas is a shopper's paradise with several designer outlets, restaurants and art galleries.
Jantar Mantar - Jantar Mantar consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards, and is one of five built by him. The primary purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables where one can predict the time and movements of the sun, moon and the planets.
National Gallery of Modern Art - It is located in Delhi inside the Jaipur House, near India Gate. The National Gallery of Modern Art today has unquestionably the most significant collection of traditional and contemporary art in the country.
Janpath Market - One of the famous markets for foreigners and local Delhites for fashionable clothes which can suit their budget.